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2020年12月12日六级听力考试解析

Source: 恒星英语学习网    2020-12-12  我要投稿   论坛   Favorite  

本次六级听力话题较四级听力更复杂,涉及用户投诉、人工智能、个人理财、穿着与工作、占有与幸福、说谎研究以及音乐品味与年龄关系研究这几个话题。男子英音,女子美音。语速适中,题目难度偏大,出现较多难听懂的高难度词汇,如,bizarre(异乎寻常的),irrespective(不考虑的,无关的),dividends(股息,红利),admittedly(诚然,无可否认),ruthlessly(无情地,冷库地,残忍地),forfeit(丧失,被没收),fabricate(捏造),detriment(损害,伤害),intuitive(直观的),crystallize(使……变明确),aversion(厌恶,反感)

本次六级听力题目多数要求学生对自己听到的信息进行理解加工,看选项时能够做到同义替换,对学生词汇量的考察,归纳总结能力以及理解能力都有很大的考验。

主要出题点如下:
1. 文章开头。例如,短文1,Question 9:What are people under 30 advised to do to achieve financial security?(为了实现财务安全,作者建议30岁以下的人应该做什么?)的答案来自文章开头第二句:If you are under 30 years old, your goal should be to save 20% of your monthly income after tax deductions.(如果你不到30岁,你的目标应该是每月省下来你税后收入的20%。)再如,短文2,Question 12:What do we learn about the speaker when she first started her job?(当说话人刚开始工作的时候,我们能得知什么?)答案来自文章开头第二句:However, when I first started my job, occasionally I’d catch a glimpse of myself in the lifts, and find myself thinking that I looked a total mess.(然而,当我刚开始工作的时候,我常常会在电梯镜子里无意中注意到自己的影子,并且觉得自己看起来很糟糕。)

2. 文章结尾。例如,对话1中Question 4:What did the woman say she would do at the end of the conversation?(在对话结束,女人说她将会做什么?)的答案句来自文章最后两句话:I’ve already spoken to him and you can tell him I’m furious now and that your company has a lawsuit on its hands. You will be hearing from my lawyer. Goodbye.(我已经跟他说过了,你可以告诉她我生气极了,还有你们公司手头有诉讼要处理了。我的律师将会联系你们,再见!)再如,演讲2后面的Question 21:What does the speaker think of the researchers’ findings?(说话人认为研究者的发现如何?)的答案句来自文章末尾的The findings seem intuitive to me.(这些发现似乎对我来说很直观。)这句话。又如,演讲3后面的Question 25:What might explain the fact that songs people listen to in their teen years are memorable and beloved?(什么能解释人们在青春期听的歌曲很难忘也备受他们钟爱这个事实?)的答案来自于文章的整个最后一段:Psychology research has shown that the emotions that we experience as teens seem more intense than those that come later. And we also know that intense emotions are associated with stronger memories and preferences. Both of these might explain why the songs we listen to during this period become so memorable and beloved.(心理研究表明,我们青春期经历的感情比今后的更激烈。而且,我们也知道,激烈的感情与深刻的记忆里和爱好有直接关系。这两点都可能解释为什么我们青春期所听的歌曲会变得令人难忘,备受钟爱。)

3. 提示词。例如,短文2,Question 12:What do we learn about the speaker when she first started her job?(当说话人刚开始工作的时候,我们能得知什么?)的答案句——However, when I first started my job, occasionally I’d catch a glimpse of myself in the lifts, and find myself thinking that I looked a total mess. ——之前,存在明显的转折提示词However;又如,短文2,Question 13:Why were uniforms are invented according to the speaker?(作者认为人们为什么发明制服?)答案所在句——But no one can be unique with their outfit every day. I mean that’s why uniforms were invented.(但是没有人能够让他们每天穿的衣服都显得很特殊。我意思是,这就是为什么人们发明了制服。)——其中出现了明显原因提示词that's why;再如,演讲2,Question 19:What did the team of scientists find in their study?(科学家团队在他们的研究中发现了什么?)的答案句——they found that 12% of respondents reported the distance they drove as less than the actual figure, giving an average answer of 384 miles.(他们发现12%的问题回答者都会上报小于自己实际里程数的数据,平均只有384英里。)——之前有很明显的提示词组With surprising results。

主要考点如下:
1. 细节定位。例如,长对话1后Question 2:What is the problem the woman’s family encountered?(女人家里遇到了什么问题?),又如,Question 9:What are people under 30 advised to do to achieve financial security?(为了实现财务安全,作者建议30岁以下的人应该做什么?)
2. 主旨概括。比如,长对话2,Question 5:What do we learn about the speakers from the conversation?(从这个对话当中,我们能了解到说话人什么?)再如,演讲1后面的Question 18:What do we learn about the items in the speaker's home?(我们能够得知关于说话人家里的物品的什么信息?)又如,演讲3后面的Question 22:What does the speaker mainly discuss in this talk?(在这篇讲话中,说话人主要讨论了什么?)

3. 原因考察。比如,长对话1,Question 3:What has caused the so-called “bizarre technical detail” according to the man?(男人认为,什么导致了所谓的“特殊技术细节”?),又如,短文2,Question 13: Why were uniforms are invented according to the speaker?(作者认为人们为什么发明制服?)再如,演讲3后面的Question 25:What might explain the fact that songs people listen to in their teen years are memorable and beloved?(什么能解释人们在青春期听的歌曲很难忘也备受他们钟爱这个事实?)

4. 信息推测。例如,演讲1后Question 4:What did the woman say she would do at the end of the conversation?(在对话结束,女人说她将会做什么?)这道题的答案(女人讲提起诉讼。)需要根据女人所说的最后几句话推测得来——I’ve already spoken to him and you can tell him I’m furious now and that your company has a lawsuit on its hands. You will be hearing from my lawyer. Goodbye.(我已经跟他说过了,你可以告诉她我生气极了,还有你们公司手头有诉讼要处理了。我的律师将会联系你们,再见!)


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